ChatGPT and other AI in psychotraumatology

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Number

51

Assigned to session

0.05 Showroom, 28-09-2023, 13:30 - 14:45

Field of research

Crisis, disaster or pandemic related
Screening, assessment & diagnosis
Public health, prevention, early interventions
(Sub)clinical interventions or treatment (innovations)

Overview of symposium

Artificial intelligence (IA) in mental health is not new. The latest public rollout of Large Language Models, such as ChatGPT, has opened vast possibilities. However, ethical and technical dilemmas should be addressed. In this symposium, an example of a digital psychological first aid (PFA) tool to promote mental health following the invasion of Ukraine will be shown. The potential and limitations of ChatGPT for simulating trauma survivor “bots” to interact with PFA students will be presented, and we will discuss the use of IA with Brain-Computer Interfaces and fMRI/EEG neurofeedback for the study and modulation of psychiatric disorders, including PTSD.

Authors

No participants found...

Brain-computer interfaces for psychiatric disorders and psychotraumatology

Dr Sergio Ruiz

 

Summary

Although Brain-Computer interfaces (BCIs) are mostly known for communication in locked-in patients and motor rehabilitation, their use for psychiatric disorders has rapidly developed in the last decade. The current presentation explains BCI and neurofeedback based on real-time fMRI as a non-invasive method for cognitive neuroscience and a method for potential clinical alleviation based on “endogenous neural modulation”. We will discuss the current state of BCIs for Post-Traumatic stress disorder, their limitations, challenges, and future directions for psychiatric conditions.

Authors

Sergio Ruiz

Psychological First Aid, Digital Mental Health Solutions and AI in complex emergencies: myth or reality?

Dr Iryna Frankova

 

Summary

Time is a critical aspect of intervention in stress-related disorders, as an identical intervention may be beneficial or harmful if given at different times, focusing on primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention. Digital mental health solutions have a unique potential to mitigate stress response right after exposure to a complex emergency by being activated and delivered straight away to a substantial number of the population at risk. However, using digital tools, including artificial intelligence chatbots in mental health, should be cautious. First, the true capabilities of these tools need to be identified. Dr Iryna Frankova will present lessons learned and preliminary results from implementing Psychological First Aid chatbot intervention for the end users following the escalation of the war in Ukraine.

Authors

Iryna Frankova

Role-playing with ChatGPT to assess its potential as a tool for training Psychological First Aid: Some results, some reflections

Dr Rodrigo Figueroa

 

Summary

The potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) as a tool for training Psychological First Aid (PFA) has not been tested. In this presentation, Dr Figueroa will show three role-playing interactions with ChatGPT to assess it, in which he performed as a PFA provider in a fire scenario, and ChatGPT acted as a survivor. He will show the adaptability of ChatGPT to requests such as increasing the complexity of the clinical picture exhibited, changing the survivor’s attitude towards the PFA provider, creating new trauma scenarios, and responding to intentional errors. The survivor-provider relationship, its affective tone, and its credibility will be discussed.

Authors

Rodrigo Figueroa